As we approach the centenary (1 April 2018), the RAF Police is headed by Group Captain S Horne the Provost Marshal (RAF), assisted by Wing Commander J Knight Deputy Provost Marshal and Squadron Leader L Wales Assistant Provost Marshal. The RAF Police Headquarters is located at RAF Honington near Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk. The RAF Police deploys throughout the world to support RAF and UK defence missions.

An integrated component of the RAF Force Protection organisation, the RAF Police in 2018 are incorporated into the regional RAF Force Protection Wings under the operational command of both RAF Police and RAF Regiment. No 4 RAF Police Squadron operating from RAF Lossiemouth in the north of Scotland, is now integrated into No 5 RAF Force Protection Wing at Lossiemouth and looks after all RAF Police interests in Scotland. No 5 RAF Police Squadron operating from RAF Waddington in Lincolnshire, is now integrated into No 8 RAF Force Protection Wing at Waddington and looks after RAF Police interests in the north of England and Northern Ireland. No 6 RAF Police Squadron operating from RAF Marham in Norfolk, is now integrated into No 3 RAF Force Protection Wing at Marham and looks after RAF Police interests in central England and Wales. No 7 RAF Police Squadron operating from RAF Brize Norton in Oxfordshire, is now integrated into No 4 RAF Force Protection Wing at Brize Norton and looks after RAF Police interests in the south of England as well as Air Transport Security at RAF Brize Norton. Finally, the RAF Force Protection Wing at RAF Honington incorporates No 1 Tactical Provost Squadron (TPS) (formerly the Tactical Provost Wing) which forms the RAF Police's tactical, deployable capability; their primary role is to conduct forward policing and security of RAF personnel and assets. The Tactical Provost Squadron, augmented by RAF Police personnel from various RAF Police formations, have deployed personnel on operations around the world. In addition, the wing includes all RAF Police Reserves, 3 Tactical Police Squadron and No 603 (City of Edinburgh) Royal Auxiliary Air Force Squadron.

RAF Police non-commissioned officers and warrant officers are noticeable by their white-topped caps (giving rise to the nickname of 'Snowdrops'), and by black and red flashes worn below their rank slides. RAF Police commissioned officers wear the standard peaked cap of all RAF officers, with the red and black flashes on their rank slides. In dress uniform, all RAF Police wear a red and black brassard on the left arm, reflecting the flashes worn with normal working dress. In tactical dress, RAF Police personnel wear red and black (lettering) 'MP' badges, the internationally recognised symbol for military police.

In addition to the oath of allegiance to the Sovereign made when attested into the RAF, all RAF Police personnel are required to take the 'RAF Police Oath': 'I do solemnly and sincerely declare and affirm that as a member of the Royal Air Force Police I will well and truly serve Her Majesty the Queen, acting with fairness, integrity, diligence and impartiality, upholding fundamental human rights and according equal respect to all people; and that I will, to the best of my power, maintain service law and investigate independently and impartially all service offences against people and property; and that while I continue to be a member of the Royal Air Force Police I will, to the best of my skill and knowledge, discharge all the duties of that appointment faithfully according to law.'

The RAF Police are responsible for the policing and security of all service personnel, much like their Royal Navy and British Army counterparts. Provision of policing, counter-intelligence and specialist security support to the RAF includes: Front line, Response and General Policing duties (Law Enforcement); Criminal and security investigations; Serious and complex criminal investigations; Aircraft protection and security; Counter-Intelligence operations to identify and counter the threats from terrorism, espionage, subversion, sabotage and organised crime; Cyber and information security; Military working dogs; Force protection (on deployed operations); Close protection of VIPs; Close support to other UK military units. The RAF Police also provides the RAF's Protective Security (PS) role, similar to that carried out by the Intelligence Corps and elements of the Royal Signals of the British Army. Information Technology Security (ITSy) is a further specialisation within the protective security field and personnel trained to this level are expected to perform all PS and ITSy related tasks. The RAF Police Special Investigation Branch investigate serious and complex crimes within the Defence community, up to and including murder. In addition to general policing, the RAF Police have specialist security and criminal investigators tasked with the investigation of more serious and complex crime and security threats. The Counter-Intelligence Squadron investigate serious security breaches and support the RAF through the gathering of intelligence and protective security based activities. These specialist capabilities are supported by forensic and intelligence units.

All RAF Police personnel may be deployed for operations overseas, deploying as individuals, with the aircraft they support, or as a formed unit drawn together under the direction of the Tactical Police Squadrons. The RAF Police are the only branch of the Service Police who operate police dogs within the UK and in 2018 some 210 dogs were being used by 160 RAF Police dog handlers with detachments at many RAF stations. In addition, RAF Police dogs and their handlers support overseas operations. The RAF Police is subject to inspection by HM Inspectorate of Constabulary, in the same way as the UK's civilian police forces. The RAF Police have undergone many changes to the way they operate and are managed. Today detachments of RAF Police can be found at most RAF stations. Usually, the detachment is commanded by either a flight lieutenant or flying officer with a flight sergeant or sergeant functioning as the senior non-commissioned officer of the flight. RAF Police Flights are responsible to and directed by an Assistant Provost Marshal RAF Police, at their respective RAF Force Protection Wing. Since 2006, RAF Police personnel are no longer responsible to, or under the direct command of, the station (commanding officer) commander of the RAF unit at which they are situated; all RAF Police remain under the command of the Provost Marshal (RAF). Their authority to act as Service Police stems directly from the Armed Forces Act 2006. Service Police are able to issue lawful commands to any service person, regardless of their rank or trade. Ground Trades within the RAF start their service career at RAF Halton where they undergo basic training. Once this is successfully completed, recruit intakes are dispersed to the various Ground Trades Training Schools. Potential RAF Police recruits are trained at the Defence College of Policing and Guarding (DSPG) at Southwick Park, Fareham Hampshire, along with the Royal Navy Police and the Royal Military Police. Those selected to become dog handlers are sent to the Defence Animal Centre at Melton Mowbray for basic training to become dog handlers and thereafter as specialist dog handlers. In order to conduct some of the wider specialist roles, particularly involving the investigation of more serious and complex criminal and security investigations, extensive further post-graduation detective training and covert operations training is provided outside of DSPG to all RAF Police specialists by Home Department Police Forces and training providers.

At the beginning of 2018, RAF Police were serving in the UK, Northern Ireland and overseas in Cyprus, Gibraltar, Falkland Islands, the Middle East, Diego Garcia and with NATO HQ. The establishment of the RAF Police in 2017, stood at 1,150 regular service police personnel, 990 military provost guard service personnel, 160 reserve police personnel and 89 civil servants.